Through this page, what can we learn?

Through this topic, we can learn these things
1.What is constructivism?
2.How to apply constructivism in instruction.
Suggested reading: Psychology of learning for instruction ----- Chapter 5

Before we start.....

Do you have some experiences cooperate with other people to solve some problems? Or have some experiences about solving realife problem? Do you think you can gain more knowledge from cooperating activities and solving problems from real life?

Something about Constructivism

Procedure of topic Constructivism Learning by Doing Situated Learning

Procedure of topic

What is constrictivism? Briefly speaking, is using constructed information, which comes from experience to solve problems, or cooperate with other people to solve virtual problems.

Constructivism merges a lot of different theories, such as Bruner's discovery learning theory and Ausubel's meaningful learning theory, as we mentioned before, discovery learning theory focus on intuitive thinking and active research, meaningful learning focus on the importance of prior knowledge, constructivism use both of these concepts.Besides these two concepts, we can see the picture what concepts constructivism use.

What concepts are adopted by constructivism

What concepts are adopted by constructivism

ˇ·Learning by Doing
And the main idea of constructivism is build up your own knowledge, you learn your knowledge, use your own way to interpret it and build it, so that means knowledge construction is a process of thinking and interpreting experience, the most famous is Deweyˇ¦s learning by doing, Dewey believed learning sould be acknowledged through activities, and learning activities should centered by students. According to the reason mentioned above, he proposed learning by doing.

ˇ·Situated Learning
There's another theory about constructivism, is situated cognition, situated cognition is also use for constructivism, in situated cognition, knowledge is gaining from normal life practice, just like sometimes we use copy machine or other electronic products, we use it directly without seeing menu until find some problems, this is a example of situated cognition, sometimes you can't find solutions or you don't know where is the problem, only through situated problem you can find what you want, and learning is the way to help you participate in these practices. The processes of situated cognition involves legitimate peripheral participation and cognition as semiosis or interpretation, these ideas can tell us how situated cognition form.

ˇ·Application in Instruction
How to apply constructivism into practical instruction. First. Post good problems. It's very important, because a good problem can force students seach lot more concepts in their mind and retrieve, consider it's proper to use or not, this action helps mind more easily understand how to use concepts ,and good problem provide a chance to let us do more, before we post problem, we can use some questionnaire to ensure what type your student is and make problems fit all students. Second. Creative group learning activities. We know another factor of constructivism is group activity, because in group activity, students can discuss and cooperate with each other, it facilitate the speed of thinking and expand the point of view. Third. Model and guide the knowledge construction process. Forth. Search and solve problems with students and give proper cue.

After all of this. can you retrieve and arrange what you just learn? Maybe you can try to write it down and compare with our arrangement.

Print this table

What is Constructivism Use constructed information, which comes from experience to solve problems.
Theorist Dewey(Learning by doing)
Apply in instruction

Post good problems.

Creative active group learning activities and vivid atmosphere for discussing.

Model and guide the knowledge construction process.

Search and solve problems with students and give proper cue.

Arrangement about constructivism



Dewey dewey

After the theory.....


Think about it

Do you participate any learnig communities? What's your character in this communities?
As an ITEC student, do you think internship is important or not?