Something about Constructivism
Procedure of topic
What is constrictivism? Briefly speaking, is using constructed information, which comes from experience to solve problems, or cooperate with other people to solve virtual problems.
Constructivism merges a lot of different theories, such as Bruner's discovery learning theory and Ausubel's meaningful learning theory, as we mentioned before, discovery learning theory focus on intuitive thinking and active research, meaningful learning focus on the importance of prior knowledge, constructivism use both of these concepts.Besides these two concepts, we can see the picture what concepts constructivism use.
What concepts are adopted by constructivism
ˇ·Learning by Doing
And the main idea of constructivism is build up your own knowledge, you learn your knowledge, use your own way to interpret it and build it, so that means knowledge construction is a process of thinking and interpreting experience, the most famous is Deweyˇ¦s learning by doing, Dewey believed learning sould be acknowledged through activities, and learning activities should centered by students. According to the reason mentioned above, he proposed learning by doing.
There's another theory about constructivism, is situated cognition, situated cognition is also use for constructivism, in situated cognition, knowledge is gaining from normal life practice, just like sometimes we use copy machine or other electronic products, we use it directly without seeing menu until find some problems, this is a example of situated cognition, sometimes you can't find solutions or you don't know where is the problem, only through situated problem you can find what you want, and learning is the way to help you participate in these practices. The processes of situated cognition involves legitimate peripheral participation and cognition as semiosis or interpretation, these ideas can tell us how situated cognition form.
ˇ·Application in Instruction
How to apply constructivism into practical instruction. First. Post good problems. It's very important, because a good problem can force students seach lot more concepts in their mind and retrieve, consider it's proper to use or not, this action helps mind more easily understand how to use concepts ,and good problem provide a chance to let us do more, before we post problem, we can use some questionnaire to ensure what type your student is and make problems fit all students. Second. Creative group learning activities. We know another factor of constructivism is group activity, because in group activity, students can discuss and cooperate with each other, it facilitate the speed of thinking and expand the point of view. Third. Model and guide the knowledge construction process. Forth. Search and solve problems with students and give proper cue.
After all of this. can you retrieve and arrange what you just learn? Maybe you can try to write it down and compare with our arrangement.
Print this table
| What is Constructivism
|| Use constructed information, which comes from experience to solve problems.
||Dewey(Learning by doing)
| Apply in instruction
Post good problems.
Creative active group learning activities and vivid atmosphere for discussing.
Model and guide the knowledge construction process.
Search and solve problems with students and give proper cue.
Arrangement about constructivism